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标准的SAT语法题解题顺序

2018-12-18 19:06:00 来源:新东方在线

  新东方在线SAT频道为大家带来“标准的SAT语法题解题顺序”一文,希望对大家SAT备考有所帮助。更多精彩尽请关注新东方在线SAT频道!

  1.抓住明显错误进行排除

  首先大家需要寻找划线部分是否有明显的语法错误或逻辑错误,有的话马上排除,再纵向寻找答案,把选项中没有改正这些错误的都给排除掉。

  例:The benefits of exercise is as psychologicalas physical.

  (A) is as psychological as physical

  (B) are more than psychological, they’re physical

  (C) are as much psychological as physical

  (D) have psychological aspects as well as the physical ones

  (E) is psychological in parts and physical as well

  我们可以看出这道题目的主语是benefits是复数,所以谓语动词也应该用复数,但这里谓语动词是单数,所以马上把A排除掉,纵向寻找答案,发现E没有改正错误,D选项错误的换了时态,所以都错了。比较B和C选项,B选项的意思不对而且显得比较多余累赘,所以答案选C.

  2. 利用常考考点作为切入点

  有时大家如果把一些常考考点给记住的话,就可以大大提高解题的速度。比如在SAT语法当中,划线部分经常出现的错误就是代词指代不清和限定性从句的引导词指代混乱。因此如果划线部分出现了这两类词的话,在未发现明显错误的时候,我们就应该以这两类词为切入点,通过确认其真实指代对象和语法指代对象是否一致来排除错误选项。

  例:The automobile, popularized by Henry Ford, was invented around the same time as theWright brothers developed the airplane, and it is an important method of transportation.

  (A) The automobile, popularized by Henry Ford, was invented around the same time as theWright brothers developed the airplane, and it

  (B) The automobile, popularized by Henry Ford, was invented around the same time as theWright brothers developed the airplane, and

  (C) Invented around the same time were the automobile, popularized by Henry Ford andthe airplane, which the Wright brothers developed, and it

  (D) The automobile popularized by Henry Ford. Was inverted around the same time as theWright brothers developed the airplane and this is why it

  (E) An invention around the same time as the Wright brothers developed the airplane, theautomobile, popularized by Henry Ford, it

  我们一起来分析一下这道题目,题干说由HF所推广的汽车,与W兄弟所发明的飞机差不多在同一时间,它是一种重要的交通方法。大家发现划线部分的最后一个词it就犯了模棱两可的错误,它既可以指代汽车,又可以指代飞机,所以A错,同样C, D, E也都有it,所以也不对。答案应该选择B选项,把it给去掉了,这样就避免了指代不明的错误。

  3. 利用对称性解题

  与汉语一样,英语在行文上也讲究对称性,而这一点在比较结构和平行结构中非常常见,即要求尽可能在语法功能上和形式结构上表达一致。因此大家可以通过未划线部分中的表达形式和语法功能来确定划线部分中与之相对应部分的语法功能及表达形式,马上排除错误选项。

  例:Just as Ludwig van Beethoven composed scores of lasting musical works and theBronte sisters wrote many enduring novels. so too did Vincent van Gogh paint numeroustimeless masterpieces.

  (A) so too did Vincent van Gogh paint numerous timeless masterpieces.

  (B) Vincent van Gogh paints timeless masterpieces. and lots of them

  (C) Vincent van Gogh’s bequest was to paint timeless masterpieces

  (D) and to van Gogh then. were numerous masterpieces painted

  (E) also like them van Gogh painted numerous timeless masterpieces

  这儿明显有固定搭配的对称:Just as…so too…,意思是正如…也…,四个选项中只有A选项有平行对称的so too,所以答案选A.

  4. 对比选项,从选项中寻找答案

  有时比较完了选项后,很难从已给信息中找出答案,这时我们可以比较剩下的选项,由选项中的不同来寻找答案。

  例:In the eighteenth century, politics was thought to be an improper sphere for women, whose boycott of English goods was different than any protest the English had seen before.

  (A) whose boycott of English goods was different than any protest the English had seenbefore

  (B) whose boycotting English goods was different than any protest the English had seenbefore

  (C) whose boycott of English goods was different from any protest the English had seenbefore

  (D) whose boycott of English goods was different from any protest the English saw before

  (E) whose boycotting of English goods was different from any protest the English haveseen before

  我们知道固定搭配应该是be different from, 而不是be different than , 所以马上把A和B排除掉。下一步就应该来对比剩下的三个选项,C和D用了名词boycott,而E选项用了动名词boycotting,在SAT语法当中有一条非常重要的原则,即名词要优先于动名词,比方说同时出现了名词和动名词,就应该优先备选名词的选项。所以E错。再把C和D进行比较,C用了过去完成时,D用了过去时,由题意应该是发生在18世纪以前,所以应该用过去完成时,所以答案选C.

  5.找一个最佳的选项成为答案

  在解题的最后有时候可能会发现五个选项都不是非常完美,那么这时你就应该选择相对来说错误最少最为轻微的选项成为答案。

  例:In exploring the rich variety of African artworks. the reason why one will note thatcertain patterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is nearly found in all worldcivilizations throughout most of history.

  (A) In exploring the rich variety of African artworks. the reason why one will note thatcertain patterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because this phenomenon ofpattern repetition is nearly found in all world civilizations throughout most of history. (B)Inexploring the rich variety of African artworks. the reason why one will note that certainpatterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because this phenomenon is found innearly all world civilizations throughout most of history.

  (C)When you explore the rich variety of African artworks. the reason one will note thatcertain patterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because this phenomenon ofpattern repetition is found in nearly all world civilizations throughout most of history.

  (D) When one explores the rich variety of African artworks. the reason one will note thatcertain patterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because this phenomenon ofpattern repetition is found in nearly all world civilizations throughout most of history.

  (E) In exploring the rich variety of African artworks. the reason one will note that certainpatterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because found in nearly all worldcivilizations throughout history is this phenomenon of pattern repetition.

  这道题目有些难度。这句话的意思是说在探索非洲艺术作品的富裕度时,人们将会注意到特殊模式的意思和习惯表达一再发生的原因是因为这种模式重复的现象能在几乎所有世界文明中找到。

  当大家具备了一定的SAT语法基础后就可以看出来原文有两个错误。首先严格意义上,英语语法中规定reason和because是不能够连用的,其次在划线部分里有一处表达不够正确,即this phenomenon ofpattern repetition is nearly found in all world civilizations,它所表达的意思应该是这种模式重复的现象能在几乎所有世界文明中找到,但划线部分的意思变成了这种模式重复的现象几乎被找到了在所有世界文明中。所以nearly的放置位置不对。这样我们就可以纵向来寻找答案。看完五个选项后大家可以发现没有一个选项改正了reason和because不能够连用的这个错误,所以这个错误只能放着。再看其他选项,B, C, D, E把nearly的放置位置这个错误都给改正了,但是C和D引入了两个新的错误,即one和you 不能同时出现,在SAT语法当中这种情况是不允许发生的,所以C和D都错了。再来对比B和E选项,我们可以发现E中用了被动,found in nearly all world civilizations throughout history is this phenomenon of patternrepetition,使得句子结构不够清楚明了,所以答案选B。虽然说B还有reason和because不能够连用的这个错误,但它却是五个选项当中最佳的一个选项。因此我们讲是找五个选项中找一个最佳的选项成为答案,而不是找一个完全正确的选项。

  以上就为大家整理的“标准的SAT语法题解题顺序”,更多精彩内容,请关注新东方在线SAT频道。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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