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2018年12月英语六级英语考试整体评析

2018-12-20 11:52:57 来源:新东方在线

2018年12月英语六级真题及答案大汇总
题型

2018年12月六级英语考试整体评析

新东方在线

  本次六级考试依旧是沿袭四六级常考的措施类议论文,本次三个题目分别是how to balance academic study and extra curriculum activities,how to balance job responsibilities and personal interests,how to balance work and leisure,与2017年12月四级写作如何处理亲子关系,师生关系以及医患关系同题型,再次印证了咱们在课上跟大家强调研读近年真题的写作题目重要性!在我们六级强化班中就问题解决型这种议论文的写作思路,首先第一段要引出这个问题,第二段论述其重要性,以及最后一段提出相应的解决措施(或第二段提措施,第三段进行总结)。对于相当一部分同学来说,模板的运用可能不是大的问题,而是可能作文题目看不懂。Leisure/extracurricular 等词汇若不熟悉,可能导致作文偏题。请六级的考生一定注意基础单词的扎实基础。

  第一套:如何平衡工作责任和个人利益/兴趣

  这个题目是今年引起大家最多讨论的题目(出题人是魔鬼吗)

  从词汇角度上来说personal interests可以指的是个人工作之外的兴趣, “activities someone enjoys outside of work”(释义出自Investopedia), 也可以表示个人利益,例如 “Paraguay's President-elect Horacio Cartes, a wealthy businessman, has said he would "never put personal interests before the country's (永不把个人利益至于国家利益之前" (例句出自BBC)

  结合题目语境,“how to balance job responsibilities and personal interests” 与之做比较的是 job responsibilities工作职责,而不是非个人的利益,个人兴趣这个含义更加符合题目要求。

  写成个人利益的同学也不要太担心,题目存在一词多义的情况,理解为“个人利益”原则上来说并非离题。

  下面范文按照 个人兴趣角度出发。

  The past couple of years have witnessed the growing incidents of a noteworthy social phenomenon that it is increasingly difficult to balance the working responsibilities and personal interests. It should be observed that similar happenings are so widespread that a great deal of attention is being paid to such a problem. And we can easily find a host of relevant discussions all over the newspapers, TV shows, and even the worldwide web.

  In order to tackle this severe problem which cannot be neglected in our contemporary society, a multitude of measures should be taken as soon as possible. At the top of the list, it would be beneficial if we could find a job which conforms to our interests, so that we can work happily and without feeling boring. Moreover, it is advisable that we finish our working tasks in due course, and we can have time to cultivate and develop our personal interests in this way. Finally, it must be admitted that the boundary between work and life is also a significant factor that can not be neglected.

  Given the arguments so far, some measures can be taken as soon as possible to handle the relationship between job responsibilities and personal interests. And I firmly believe that we can make it.

  第二套:如何平衡学术研究与课外活动?

  In our contemporary society, students in mounting numbers are concerned about the problem that it is becoming increasingly difficult to balance the academic study and extracurricular activities. Indeed, the past couple of years have witnessed the growing incidence of such happenings.

  From my perspective, a large number of measures can be taken as soon as possible. To begin with, it is a must for us to improve the study efficiency, so that we can enjoy the after-class activities happily. Moreover, it must be admitted that the boundary between study and activities is also a significant factor that cannot be neglected. To put it another way, it is suggested that we should do the right things during the right time.

  Taking into account what has been argued so far, it can be concluded that we can balance academic study and extracurricular activities if we take some appropriate measures. And more and more students will benefit from this phenomenon. (158 words)

  第三套:如何平衡工作和休闲?

  The previous couple of years have witnessed the prevalence of a noteworthy social phenomenon that it is becoming increasingly difficult to handle the relationship between work and leisure. It should be noted that such happenings have already been brought into public concern and we can easily find a host of relevant discussions among the mass media.

  In order to tackle this severe problem which cannot be neglected in our contemporary society, a host of measures should be taken as soon as possible. At the top of the list, it is a must for us to improve the working efficiency, so that we can enjoy our leisure time after work without working overtime. Moreover, it must be admitted that the boundary between career and life is also a significant factor that cannot be neglected. To put it another way, it is suggested that we should do the right things during the right time.

  Given what has been discussed above, everyone around us should take it seriously. More significantly, our life can be far better than ever if we can balance the work and leisure to the utmost.

[page]

  听力:

  六级听力考试的总体而言还是有一定难度的,长对话,短文,讲座均出现了属于科普等较为严肃话题的类文章,对考生词汇量有着较高的要求,词汇量较弱的考生可能会出现通篇抓瞎的情况,就乱了阵脚。但其实掌握解题方法,对单词读音熟悉,拿到基本分还是没有问题的。

  Long conversation 1

  第一篇长对话的内容是有关于一男一女对于how to become online celebrity and what to do进行的对话。四道题都是细节题,但是通过课上讲过的默读和听力技巧基本上可以做到精准定位。难度居中,没有特别多的生僻词汇。听力中三四题容易出现混淆选项。要格外注意。

  1.What does the man ask the woman to do?

  2. What does the man dream of?

  3. What has the man been busy doing recently?

  4. What does the woman say about her photos?

  Long conversation 2

  第二篇长对话的场景是近些年考试频率最高的对话名人智者的采访类。相关统计数据已经在课堂上呈现过了。内容是一个叫做“physics today”的节目,邀请了一位理论物理方面的博士Malisa Philip来帮助大家理解一些复杂的物理问题,主要是有关于matter and antimatter(物质和反物质)和宇宙如何形成等问题。难度比上一篇要高一些,生僻词汇较多,但是作答时可以使用课上说过的审题技巧在并不太确定的时候锁定正确答案。

  5.What does the man say in physics today?

  6.What is the woman’s main research area?

  7.What is the woman interested in?

  8.What seems to be the finding of the recent study?

  Passage 1

  第一篇篇章讲的是一种叫做foreign accent syndrome的疾病,以一个一直生活在美国的女人但是某天醒来却变成英国口音的故事开头。还陈述了这个病可能的原因和其他的例子。难度不大,有生僻词但是可以通过听前预读解决。篇章首句容易出现答案的答题技巧依旧出现。还有听到特殊人物要集中注意力容易出现疑似答案。课上都已经练习过。总体来说注意力集中,绕过生僻词有希望全对。

  9. What happen to Michelle Myers one day?

  10. What does the passage say about foreign accent syndrome?

  11. What accent did another American woman speak with after a head injury?

  Passage 2

  第二篇篇章内容有关于游泳这项运动在女性之中大受欢迎以及发展历程。听力原文从头到尾都有提到过关键词swim,同上一个篇章一样也可以通过特殊人物集中注意力的方式锁定答案。两篇篇章难度都不是太大。掌握好平时上课的练习,基本上问题不会太大。是本次听力考试中的得分项。

  12. What has become so popular recently?

  13. What did Jenny Landras do recently?

  14. What do we learn about woman in the Victorian era?

  15. What did the passage say about G·E?

  Lecture 1

  第一篇讲座内容是介绍一种善于撒谎的人以及制造某种机器来测谎的可行性和各方态度。文章内容难度并不是特别大,相比第二篇要简单一些。需要注意力集中排除可能出现的干扰项。

  16. What researchers and law enforcement agencies try to do?

  17. How do many brain scientists respond to the Massachusetts’ company’s so called technological breakthrough?

  18. What does the speaker think of use a high tech test determine whether a person is telling the truth?

  Lecture 2

  第二篇讲座由会议引入,探讨了语言的形成发展特色。其中多细节,例如南太阳的小岛,热带国家和某些寒带国家语言数量的对比,人数多的地方语言种类未必多等例子。细节比较杂乱,考验考生的耐心和审题能力。

  19. What does the speaker say about the island of M?

  20. What do we learn from the talk about the languages in the world?

  (第三篇讲座文本音频暂无资源)

[page]

  阅读

  比起听力和写作,阅读应该是六级考生的保分项了。总体来说今年的阅读难度与去年难度相当,需要注意的是话题有了纵深性的转化,开始接近与考研稍早年份的一些科学研究的普及性也综合了一些时下热点手机的影响。从试题难度来看,总体用词,定位与理解与往年持平。此次试卷的转变也提醒了考生要多关注科普相关知识的同时也要把握热点话题,扩大阅读领域,夯实基础阅读能力,才有可能取得好成绩。

  选词填空—第一篇:

  Just off the coast of southernCalifornia sits santa Cruz island,

  26. F dwells

  27. B chaos

  28. J mammal

  29. H fierce

  30. D declared

  31. A aggressive

  32. M remove

  33. K monitoring

  34. E dedicated

  35. G extinction

  选词填空—第二篇

  26. A advances

  27. I otherwise

  28. F devising

  29. J predators

  30. B boundaries

  31. G elsewhere

  32. K primarily

  33. M spotted

  34. D currently

  35. E determine

  选词填空—第三篇

  26. F grasp

  27. C evaluated

  28. A aptitude

  29. E filtering

  30.M significant

  31. K raising

  32. O typical

  33. N suffer

  34. H minimize

  35. L resist

[page]

  匹配—第一套:

  D 36. It has been found that inadequate recovery often leads to poor health and accidents.

  J 37. Mental relaxation is much needed, just as physical relaxation is.

  H 38. Adequate rest not only helps one recover, but also increases one’s work efficiently.

  A 39. The author always has a hectic time before taking a flight.

  E 40. Recovery may not take place even if one seems to havestop ped working

  K 41. It is advised that technology be used to prevent people from overworking

  I 42. Contrary to popular belief, rest does not equal recover.

  B 43. The author has come to see that this problem results from a misunderstanding of the meaning of resilience.

  G 44. People’s distorted view about resilience may have developed from their upbringing.

  K 45. People tend to think the more determined they are, the greater their success will be.

  第二套:

  HMNEB AJLGD

  36. Steinberg argued parental sharing online can be beneficial.

  37. According to an expert, when children reach school age, they can help their parents learn what can and cannot be down.

  38. One mother refrained from posting her son’s photos online when she considered the matter from her sons perspective.

  39. According to a study, more children tan parents think there should be rules on parents shanng.

  40. Katlyn Burbidge had never realized she had to ask her son’s approval to put his photos online.

  41. A mother decided not to post her son’s photo online when he asked her not to.

  42. A woman pediatrician tries to help other parents by sharing her own parenting experience.

  43. There are people who decide simply not to share their children’s photos online.

  44. Parents and physicians should realize sharing information online about children may involve risks.

  45. Parents who share their parentingexperiences may find themselves intruding into the children’s privacy.

  第三套

  KIEMG OCLFD

  36. Merian was the first scientist to study a type of American ant.

  37. The European audience was more interested in Merian’s drawings than her gender.

  38. Merian’s masterpiece came under attack a century after its publication.

  39. Merian’s mistakes in her drawings may be attributed to her shortened stay in South America.

  40. Merina often sat up the whole night through to observe and draw insects.

  41. Merian acknowledged the help she got from natives of South America.

  42. Merian contributed greatly to people’s better understanding of medicine and science.

  43. Merian occasionally made mistakes inhere drawings of insects and birds.

  44. Now, Merian’s role as female forerunner in sciences has been re-established.

  45. Merina made a long voyage to South America to study jungle insects over three centuries ago.

[page]

  仔细阅读第一篇

  第一篇:机器人在农业中的应用及影响

  46.What may famers be able to do with robots appearing on the farming scene?

  答案:B—enjoy more leisure hours

  47.What will ‘farmrobots‘ be expected to do?

  答案:A—Take up many of the farmer’s routines.

  48.What can robots do when equipped with high-tech sensors and complex learning algorithms?

  答案:B—Help farmers simplify their farming tasks and managements.

  49.Why are farmers pressing for robotic farming?

  答案:D—Labor shortage is worsening.

  50. What dose the author thin future farms will be like?

  答案:A—More and more automated.

  第二篇: 科学家和民众之间的沟通以及对于科普的影响

  51.What does the example of climate change serve to show?

  答案:D—Common folks’ scientific knowledge can sway police making.

  52.What should non-scientists do to ensure their quality of life?

  答案:B—Acquire a basic understanding of medical science.

  53. Why is it important for scientists to build a good relation with the media?

  答案:A—It helps them to effectively popularize new scientific information.

  54.What does the author say is the problem with science journalism?

  答案:C—It may give inaccurate or distorted information to the public.

  55. What should scientists do to impart their latest findings to the public more effectively?

  答案:D—Improve their communication skills.

  六级仔细阅读第二套

  第一篇:孩子幼年的注意力问题来自于自身未来发展的影响

  46.What is the focus of the new study from Duke University?

  答案:B—The predictors of children’s academic success.

  47.How did the researchers ensure that their founding are valid?

  答案:A—By attaching equal importance to all possible variables examined.

  48.What do we learn from the findings of Duke study?

  答案:B—There are more children with attention difficulties than previously thought.

  49.What does the Duke study find about children better accepted by peers?

  答案:A—They do better academically.

  50. What can we conclude from the Duke study?

  答案:C—Social skills are playing a key role in children’s development.

  第二篇:智能手机对于心理学研究的影响

  51. What does the author say about the negative import of smartphones?

  答案:C—It is not so obvious but has caused some concern.

  52.What is considered a less obvious advantage of smartphone technology?

  答案:D—It greatly improves research on human behavior.

  53.What characterize traditional psychological research?

  答案:B—It relies on lab observations and participants’ reports.

  54.How will future psychological studies benefit individuals?

  答案:A—By helping them pin down their unusual behaviors.

  55.What do we learn about current psychological studies?

  答案:B—They are increasingly focused on real-life situations.

[page]

  翻译

  (另外两套题翻译原文暂缺)

  中国越来越重视公共图书馆,并鼓励人们充分加以利用。新近公布的统计数字表明,中国的公共图书馆数量在逐年增长。许多图书馆通过翻新和扩建,为读者创造了更为安静、舒适的环境。大型公共图书馆不仅提供种类繁多的参考资料,而且定期举办讲座、展览等活动。近年来,也出现了许多数字图书馆,从而节省了存放图书所需的空间。一些图书馆还推出了自助服务系统,使读者借书还书更加方便,进一步满足了读者的需求。

  China is paying growing attention to public libraries and is encouraging people to make full use of them. The newly published statistics show that the number of public libraries in China is on the rise year by year. By means of renovation and expansion, many libraries have created a quieter and more comfortable environment for readers. Large public libraries not only provide a wide range of reference materials,but also hold regular activities such as lectures, exhibitions and so on. In recent years, there appear numerous digital libraries, which help to save the space needed to store books. Some libraries have also rolled out self-service systems, making it more convenient for readers to borrow and return books, further meeting the needs of the readers.

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